Education_Module





Education Module



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<div style='text-align: center; position: relative; font-size: 550%; '> What is an Orchestra? </div>

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<div style='position:absolute; left: 35%; top: 40px; font-size: 350%; '> Welcome to the Orchestra </div>

<div style='font-size: 125%; position: relative; top: 15px;'>People have been gathering together to play musical instruments for thousands of years. It was only in the Medieval era that instrumentalists throughout Europe began to organize themselves into performing ensembles. As time progressed, these ensembles began to expand, new instruments were developed and added, and the roles of the ensembles changed. Eventually, the symphony orchestra, as we know it today, was born.
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<div class="centered" style='font-size: 185%;'>[[What are the parts of the orchestra?]]</div>
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<div class="centered" style='font-size: 185%;'>[[What did orchestra's used to look like?]]</div>
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<div class="centered" style='font-size: 185%;'> [[What do orchestras do?]] </div>
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<div class="centered" style='font-size: 185%;'> [[Test Your Knowledge|Orchestra Quizes]] </div>
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<div align='center' style='font-size: 350%; position:absolute; left: 35%; top: 40px;'>Instrument Families </div>
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<div align='center' style='font-size: 175%;'>The orchestra today is made up of a very wide variety of instruments.
These instruments are part of different instrument families.
Each family can be described by the types of instruments that are part of them.
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<div class="centered" style='font-size: 175%;'>[[String Family]]</div>
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<div class="centered" style='font-size: 175%;'>[[Woodwind Family]]</div>
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<div class="centered" style='font-size: 175%;'> [[Brass Family]] </div>
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<div class="centered" style='font-size: 175%;'> [[Percussion Family]]</div>
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<div align='center' style='font-size: 350%; position:absolute; left: 30%; top: 40px;'>The Orchestra Through the Ages</div>
<div align='center' style='font-size: 150%; '>The orchestra has not always looked the way it does today. Like in art, music can be divided into era's, and the orchestra looked different during each one.</div>
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<div class="imgcontainer"> <img src="images/medieval musicians.png" width="100%"> <div class="centered" style='font-size: 175%;'>[[Medieval Era]]</div> </div> </div>
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<div class="imgcontainer"> <img src="images/sackbut.png" width="100%"> <div class="centered" style='font-size: 175%;'>[[Rennaissance]]</div> </div> </div>
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<div class="imgcontainer"> <img src="images/orchestra-baroque.png" width="100%"><div class="centered" style='font-size: 175%;'> [[Baroque Era]]</div> </div> </div>
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<div class="imgcontainer"> <img src="images/classical orchestra.png" width="100%"> <div class="centered" style='font-size: 175%;'> [[Classical Era]] </div> </div> </div>
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<div class="imgcontainer"> <img src="images/romantic orchestra.png" width="100%"><div class="centered" style='font-size: 175%;'> [[Romantic Era]] </div> </div> </div>
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<div class="imgcontainer"> <img src="images/Icon-Orchestra.png" width="100%"><div class="centered" style='font-size: 175%;'> [[The Contemporary Orchestra]] </div> </div> </div>
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<div align='center' style='font-size: 350%; position:absolute; left: 35%; top: 40px;'>String Section </div>
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<div class="left"> <video src="video/string section.mp4" width= 100%; controls play></video> </div>
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<div class="right" style='font-size: 110%; '>The string family can be identified by what part of the instrument makes sound,which are the strings. String instruments have metal strings that produce sound when plucked or bowed using a bow. Learn more here:

[[Violin]]
[[Viola]]
[[Cello]]
[[Double Bass]]

[[Test Your Ears|string audio quiz]]
[[Test Your Eyes|string image quiz]]
[[Test Your Knowledge|string fact quiz]]
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<div align='center' style='font-size: 350%; position:absolute; left: 35%; top: 40px;'> Woodwind Section </div>

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<div class="left"><video src="video/woodwind section.mp4" width= 100%; controls play></video> </div>
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<div class="right">The woodwind family can be identified by how the instrument makes sound and what the instrument is made of.
Woodwind instruments generally produce sound when air is blown through them and are tradtionally made of wood.
Learn more about each instrument:

[[Flute]]
[[Piccolo]]
[[Clarinets]]
[[Oboe]]
[[Bassoon]]
[[English Horn]]

[[Test Your Ears|woodwind audio quiz]]
[[Test Your Eyes|woodwind image quiz]]
[[Test Your Knowledge|woodwind fact quiz]]
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<div align='center' style='font-size: 350%; position:absolute; left: 35%; top: 40px;'> Brass Section </div>

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Brass instruments are made of brass metal and produce sound through a combination of the vibration of air blown through the instrument and the vibration of the player’s lips on a mouthpiece.
Brass instruments are characterized as celebratory with their full and loud sounds, and are often used in the military and for royal celebrations. Learn more here:

[[Trumpet]]
[[Trombones]]
[[French Horns]]
[[Tuba]]

[[Test Your Ears|brass audio quiz]]
[[Test Your Eyes|brass image quiz]]
[[Test Your Knowledge|brass fact quiz]]
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<div class="right">The percussion family is the most varied family in the orchestra with a many instruments that are played different ways. Percussion instruments make sound by either being hit (with hands, sticks or mallets), shacken, rubbed, or even sometimes bowed. Percussion instruments can be made of a wide variety of materials.
Percussionists consider almost anything to be a percussion instrument, including junk yard trash!
Standard orchestral percussion instruments are generally classified into two categories: pitched and unpitched.
[[Learn More Here|Demo]]

[[Test Your Ears|percussion audio quiz]]
[[Test Your Eyes|percussion image quiz]]
[[Test Your Knowledge|percussion fact quiz]]

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<div style='position:absolute; left: 40%; top: 40px; font-size: 350%; '>Medieval Era</div>
<div style='position:absolute; left: 44%; top: 105px; font-size: 200%; '> 500-1400 AD</div>

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In the Medieval era instrumental ensembles were used almost exclusively for outdoor celebrations and events/gatherings at royal courts.

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Most music composed during this era was sacred vocal music written for use/performance in the church. Instruments were considered too brash for the church (a place of worship and sanctuary).
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<div align='center' style='font-size: 115%;'>Many instruments used in Medieval ensembles resemble modern instruments today. Examples include the veille and rebec (precursors to the violin)</div>
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And the shawm (precursor to the oboe).
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<div style='position:absolute; left: 40%; top: 40px; font-size: 350%; '>Rennaissance</div>
<div style='position:absolute; left: 45%; top: 105px; font-size: 200%; '> 1400-1600 AD</div>
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Similar to the Medieval era, instrumental ensembles in the Renaissance period primarily performed for celebrations, dances, and gatherings.

Instruments/ ensembles were also primarily used to accompany vocalists and vocal music.

New instruments were developed during this time, including the sackbutt (precursor to the trombone) and dulcian (precursor to the bassoon).
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<div style='position:absolute; left: 40%; top: 40px; font-size: 350%; '>Baroque Era</div>
<div style='position:absolute; left: 44%; top: 105px; font-size: 200%; '>1600-1750 AD</div>
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The Baroque era saw the rise of music written specifically for instrumental ensembles. Virtuosic capabilities of many instruments were greatly enhanced, and instruments began to resemble what we know them as today.

The modern orchestra was also born during this era largely due to these developments. The use of strings, woodwinds, brass, and percussion together started to become common.
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